In-Out Center was the first independent artist space in Amsterdam. From 1972 until 1974 it offered a platform for everything that was new at the time: performances, video art, visual poetry, audio art, conceptual art and artist books. Its nine members came from Latin America, Iceland and The Netherlands. Michel Cardena, Raul Marroquin, Ulises Carrión, Hreinn Fridfinnsson, Sigurdur Gudmundson, Kristján Gudmundsson, Hetty Huisman, Pieter Laurens Mol and Gerrit Jan de Rook contributed to the experimental art climate in Amsterdam, a city they admired for it’s open and free spirit. Each member invited befriended artists to exhibit, which enhanced the space’s exciting international character. It was an inspiring scene to visitors. In 1975, soon after In-Out Center was closed, Wies Smals founded 'De Appel' in part to ensure a space for performances. Ulises Carrión’s 'Other Books and So' (1975-1978) was another off-shoot from In-Out Center.
1. Exhibition Zoo Kunst (Charles Garrad, John Danvers and Ken Hickman)1974, photo Charles Garrad
2. Exhibition Geza Perneczky 1973, photo Geza Perneczky
equipo movimiento —raul marroquin and young tchong
jean clarence lambert
hans mellendijk & herman ter beek
w.o.r.k.s. – clive robertson & su clancy
zoo group – charles garrad, john danvers, ken hickman